January 25, 2019
A sect is a subgroup of a religious, political, or philosophical belief system, usually an offshoot of a larger group. Although the term was originally a classification for religious separated groups, it can now refer to any organization that breaks away from a larger one to follow a different set of rules and principles.
Inside Turkey, the Gulen movement follows a determined agenda that
aims to replace the Kemalist elite and transform Turkey into a more
religiously conservative society. Outside Turkey, Gulen presents itself
as a multifaith global organization working to bring businesses,
religious leaders, politicians, journalists and average citizens
From the Stratfor doc. Islam, Secularism And the Battle for Turkey's Future made Date 2010-09-21:
5. (C) The officials reportedly also warned of the threat posed by alumni of Turkish Fetullah Gulen high schools, noting that they were especially dangerous because of their "high intelligence, ability to stick together, and experience studying abroad." (Note: The Fetullah Gulen movement is a conservative Islamist movement with a broad following in Turkey, that has built a worldwide network of schools - ref A.)
The FGC is considered a modernist off-shoot of Sufi Nurcu tariqat
(religious order) in Turkey. The movement aims to transform Turkey through
conservative social values. Many academics describe the FGC as a neo-Nurcu
movement. Gulen, a spiritual and charismatic preacher who has been known
to cry during interviews and public sermons, is the founder and leader of
his own branch of Nurcu Islam.